Enneagram Type 1

The Reformer

Learn all about the characteristics of the Enneagram type 1.

To discover your Enneagram type

Enneagram Illustration
Enneagram Type 1

Enneagram Type 1, known as "The Reformer," is characterized by a strong sense of ethics and morality. They strive for integrity and improvement in all they do. If you're a Type 1, you likely value hard work, responsibility, and making the world a better place. However, you may also find yourself being overly critical, not just of others but also of yourself, and often worry about making mistakes.

Despite these challenges, Enneagram Type 1s possess a unique strength in their unwavering commitment to their values and principles. This dedication can lead to significant positive changes and inspire those around them. By learning to balance their desire for perfection with self-compassion, Type 1s can harness their potential to create a more just and harmonious world while also finding inner peace and fulfillment. Embracing their strengths and acknowledging their growth areas allows them to lead by example and contribute meaningfully to their communities.


Strong Sense of Integrity Type 1s have a deep commitment to their principles and values, consistently striving to do what is right.
Dependability They are highly reliable and responsible, often taking on leadership roles and ensuring tasks are completed thoroughly.
Attention to Detail Their meticulous nature ensures that they produce high-quality work and maintain high standards in everything they do.
Dedication to Improvement Type 1s are driven by a desire for personal growth and societal betterment, making them powerful agents of change.
Ethical Leadership Their strong moral compass allows them to lead with fairness and justice, inspiring trust and respect from others.
Persistence They are determined and hardworking, often persevering through challenges to achieve their goals.


Perfectionism Their high standards can lead to unrealistic expectations, causing stress and disappointment when things don’t meet their ideals.
Self-Criticism Type 1s are often their own harshest critics, which can lead to feelings of inadequacy and low self-esteem.
Rigidity Their strong sense of right and wrong can make them inflexible and resistant to differing viewpoints or alternative approaches.
Enneagram Type 1 Child

As children, those who identify with Enneagram Type 1 often take on responsibilities and show a maturity beyond their years. They tend to be perfectionists with a strong sense of right and wrong. These kids follow rules closely and often reflect deeply on their actions, sometimes being hard on themselves or others. Their need for order and precision shapes how they interact with others and approach play, showing a deep desire for structure and doing things the "right" way.

This early maturity and sense of responsibility can be both a strength and a challenge for Type 1s. On one hand, their reliability and strong ethical compass make them trusted and respected by peers and adults alike. On the other hand, their high standards and self-criticism can lead to stress and feelings of inadequacy. By learning to balance their natural drive for perfection with self-acceptance and flexibility, these individuals can grow into balanced and compassionate adults who inspire and lead others with their integrity and dedication. Encouraging them to embrace imperfections and enjoy the process rather than just the outcome can help them find greater happiness and fulfillment.

Enneagram Type 1

As they navigate their teenage years, Type 1 individuals often find themselves at a crossroads, balancing the typical rebellious streak of adolescence with their strong sense of duty and accountability. This stage of life can heighten their awareness of societal flaws and injustices, sparking a strong desire to enact change and correct perceived wrongs. They may experience an intensified internal struggle, trying to align their high ideals with the often harsh and imperfect realities of the world. This conflict can lead to frustration and sometimes a feeling of alienation as they wrestle with these complex emotions and strive to find their place in a world that doesn't always match their principles.

During this period, it’s crucial for Type 1 teens to find supportive environments where their values are respected and their voices heard. Encouraging them to engage in constructive activities, such as volunteering or joining social justice groups, can provide an outlet for their passion for making a difference. It’s equally important for them to learn self-compassion and the understanding that perfection is an ideal, not a necessity. By finding a balance between their aspirations and the reality of human imperfections, they can develop resilience and a more nuanced perspective, ultimately leading them to become influential and empathetic adults.

Interpersonal Relationships:

Within the realm of relationships, Type 1 individuals stand out as dependable and trustworthy partners. However, their interactions can greatly improve through cultivating a degree of flexibility and tempering their propensity for judgment. It's crucial for them to acknowledge the legitimacy of differing viewpoints, as this recognition fosters healthier and more harmonious connections. Understanding that everyone brings a unique perspective to the table is key to nurturing balanced and fulfilling relationships. Discover more about Type 1s in relationships.

Workplace Behavior:

Type 1 individuals thrive in environments that demand meticulous organization, unwavering integrity, and adherence to ethical standards. Their innate leadership qualities shine in such settings, although it's essential for them to curb their inclination towards excessive criticism. By leveraging their strong moral foundation and organizational skills, they can effectively lead and inspire others, provided they balance their high expectations with a supportive and understanding approach. Explore further insights on Type 1s in the workplace.

Famous Type 1s

Malala Yousafzai Celebrated for her unwavering commitment to education rights and courage in the face of adversity.
Greta Thunberg Noted for her passionate environmental activism and relentless pursuit of climate justice.
Emma Watson Distinguished by her advocacy for gender equality and her disciplined approach to activism.
Yara Shahidi Commended for her dedication to social justice and educational equity, using her platform to promote change
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Cited for her principled stance on political issues and dedication to public service with integrity.
Jazz Jennings Known for her role as a young advocate for transgender rights and her focus on acceptance and equality.

Complex Figures with Type 1 Traits

Edward Snowden Known for his disclosure of NSA documents, reflecting a driven sense of justice and moral principles, challenging governmental surveillance practices.
Julian Assange Founder of WikiLeaks, his actions in publishing classified documents were driven by a desire for transparency and accountability, embodying Type 1's quest for integrity.
Aung San Suu Kyi Once hailed as a symbol of peace and resistance against dictatorship, her complex legacy includes her leadership role amid controversies over human rights in Myanmar, reflecting the challenges of aligning idealistic principles with political realities.

Enneagram Type 1 Wings

Enneagram Type 1 wings are the adjacent types that influence Type 1, leading to two variations: 1w9 and 1w2. Type 1w9, "The Idealist," blends the principled, ethical nature of Type 1 with the calm, harmonious traits of Type 9, resulting in a balanced and diplomatic individual who strives for improvement while maintaining peace. In contrast, Type 1w2, "The Advocate," combines the reforming, perfectionistic drive of Type 1 with the empathetic, helpful tendencies of Type 2, creating a person who is both principled and supportive, driven to make the world better while caring deeply for others.

Enneagram 1w9
Principled, balanced, idealistic, and diplomatic.
Enneagram 1w2
Principled, empathetic, driven, and supportive.

The 9 Types

Type 1: The Reformer
Principled, purposeful, self-controlled, and perfectionistic.
Type 2: The Helper
Generous, demonstrative, people-pleasing, and possessive.
Type 3: The Achiever
Adaptable, excelling, driven, and image-conscious.
Type 4: The Individualist
Expressive, dramatic, self-absorbed, and temperamental.
Type 5: The Investigator
Perceptive, innovative, secretive, and isolated.
Type 6: The Loyalist
Engaging, responsible, anxious, and suspicious.
Type 7: The Enthusiast
Spontaneous, versatile, acquisitive, and scattered.
Type 8: The Challenger
Self-confident, decisive, willful, and confrontational.
Type 9: The Peacemaker
Receptive, reassuring, agreeable, and complacent.